Welcome to "China's External Relations - a History"

This website is a compilation of materials used in the teaching, in Japan in the 1990s, of two courses on China's external relations, one relating primarily to the Qing Dynasty and the other to the People's Republic of China. Three Eras in China's HistoryThey are here thoroughly adapted to the Internet through the inclusion of newly written overviews of many topics as well as hundreds of images: engravings, paintings, photographs and maps. We will also be putting up some film footage and audio material.

All materials on this website are freely offered in hopes of advancing knowledge about the subjects covered. Users of the site may copy and/or print texts, tables, PDFs and copyright-free images.